Mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas
Currently, there is growing mycoplasmal infections of urogenital tract. Of the mycoplasmas found in the genitourinary system, are noteworthy Mycoplasma hominis (mycoplasmosis) and Ureaplasma urealitikum (ureaplazmoz). Mycoplasma hominis was detected in 1937. It is frequently isolated from urinary tract of patients. Ureaplasma urealitikum was discovered in 1954 from the discharge of a patient NGU. Ureaplazmoz and mycoplasmosis in clinical manifestations are very similar.
According to the literature, the defeat of urogenital mycoplasma infection accounts for 40 percent of all inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. Mycoplasmosis and ureaplazmoz have persistent flow, often recur, contribute to the appearance of complications. As a rule, mycoplasmosis and ureaplazmoz combined with gonorrhea, trichomoniasis. When mixed sexually transmitted diseases often reveal mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas.
Ureaplazmoz and mycoplasmosis, as well as all sorts of infectious diseases have an incubation period. On the duration of the incubation period in patients with urogenital mycoplasmal lesions is still no consensus. It is believed that the incubation period can range from three days to three to five weeks, according to some estimates, up to 50-60 days. According to the literature, the average incubation period for urethritis associated with mycoplasma, is 19 days.
Numerous papers published in recent years indicate a significant prevalence of mycoplasma infection in trihomonadnyh, gonococcal and chlamydial lesions of the urinary tract, acute and chronic inflammation of female genital sphere of unknown etiology, pathology of pregnancy and the fetus. In the discharge of the urethra and the juice of the prostate gland of males with different postgonoreynymi complications (prostate, vesicles, epididymitis, orchiepididymitis) is often found mycoplasma and ureplazmu.
In these patients, marked decrease in potency, and secondary infertility. A large percentage of allocation of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas with trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia brand name viagra 50mg indicates the role of a mixed mycoplasma - and ureaplazmogonokokkovoy, mycoplasma and ureaplazmotrihomonadnoy, mycoplasma and ureaplazmohlamidiynoy infection in the genesis of various inflammatory processes in the human urogenital area.
Chlamydial urogenital infection often accompanies ureaplasma. It is known that mycoplasmosis and ureaplazmoz women and men often exist malosimptomno or without any clinical symptoms and subjective feelings. In such cases patients are unaware of their disease and do not apply to hospitals. Most researchers suggest that the only source of mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis is a sick person or mycoplasma and ureaplazmonositel.
Infection occurs exclusively through sexual contact. There is a strong correlation between sexual activity and the incidence of mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis. Ureaplasma and mycoplasma are often found in the urethra and the cervical canal of sexually active men and women. The frequency of detection increases with enlarging the circle of sex. Mycoplasma and ureaplasma are unique microorganisms. Mycoplasma, for example, occupy an intermediate position between the viruses, bacteria and protozoa. Mycoplasmosis and ureaplazmoz men do not have the characteristic clinical picture.
There is a large number of different clinical forms - from acute to oligosymptomatic. Men mycoplasma and kreaplazmy can attack the urethra paraurethral ducts, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, epididymis, urinary bladder. A transition of inflammation in the upper urinary tract and kidneys (due to the upward mi-koplazmennoy infection). Urethritis may occur acute, subacute or sluggish. Typically, it takes erased malosimptomno. Characterized by a slight mucous discharge from the urethra, feeling weak itching, tickling, burning.
Subjective feelings can disturb the little patients either do not bother. But the number of patients impose a variety of complaints, including those on sexual disorders. Most often the infection spreads deeper into the prostate gland, seminal vesicles from prostate urethra directly through the excretory ducts. Does not exclude the possibility of contact with mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas in the prostate gland from the front of the urethra through the blood and lymph vessels.
Contributing to the moments of prostatitis and vesiculitis are sexual excess, alcohol use, delayed and coitus interruptus and other clinic in mycoplasma and ureaplasma lesion of the prostate did not differ from those in prostatitis and vesiculitis other etiologies.
From complications arising in men with mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis occurs epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis), orchitis (testicular inflammation) and orchiepididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis and testis at once). Epididymitis is often observed in patients with prolonged course of urethritis. This disease can also occur in cases where the inflammation goes into the prostate urethra, which, by samyavynosyaschemu the canal enters the epididymis.